What are the reporting obligations of a final customer with a single consumption unit with a technical capability to consume less than 600 GWh/year if the energy bought by the final customer is not for its consumption use?
Answer: In order to reply to the above question, the Agency analysed and designed the three following examples. Please note that the examples present the Agency’s current understanding and form a non-exhaustive list.
Furthermore, it is to be noted that final customers with a single consumption unit with a consumption capacity of less than 600 GWh/year should report all the contracts they trade on an organised market place. Scenario I: Energy was purchased by the final customer but not consumed. The final customer sells the energy under a different contract to a different Supplier B (i.e. the final customer becomes a supplier). In this case, the final customer is a market participant entering into transactions which are required to be reported to the Agency under REMIT. Therefore, the final customer is required to report both contracts for supply of energy 1 and 2. Scenario II: Energy was purchased by the final customer from the Supplier A, but not consumed because there is a volume optionality for the execution of their non-standard supply contract. The energy has not been physically delivered yet. In this case, the contract for supply of energy is not reportable and the final customer is not a market participant entering into transactions which are required to be reported to the Agency under REMIT regarding such contracts. However, it can still be subject to REMIT with regard to the prohibition of market manipulation, including attempted market manipulation, according to Article 5 of REMIT, with regard to insider trading, according to Article 3 of REMIT and with regard to the obligation to publish inside information according to Article 4 of REMIT.
Finally, please note that this scenario does not apply if Supplier A resells the energy in the wholesale energy market on behalf on the final customer. In such case, the final customer is a market participant entering into transactions which are required to be reported to the Agency under REMIT. Scenario III: Energy was purchased by the final customer B. However, the final customer B consumes only a part of the energy and the rest of it is provided to other final customers (C, D, E) that are all within the same closed distribution system or on the same site (e.g. shopping mall, airport). In addition, it is important to note that (i) the final customers C to E can buy the energy only from the final customer B (for example, energy is bought as a part of the tenancy agreement) and (ii) overall technical capability to consume of final customer B to E is below 600 GWh/year.
In this case, the contracts between (i) supplier A and the final customer B and (ii) final customer B and final customers C to E are not reportable. In addition, final customer B is not considered a market participant entering into transactions which are required to be reported to the Agency under REMIT regarding such contracts. However, if the overall technical consumption capability of final customers B to E is 600 GWh/year or more, then the contract for supply of energy between supplier A and final customer B will be reportable and they will both have to be considered market participants.